Monday, January 14, 2013
Today there are 513,000 people in South Carolina who are not covered under any health insurance program. Thatís about 19 percent of our population and ranks us 42nd among the states.
When it comes to children, we have about 14 percent uncovered and we rank even worse at 47th in the country.
All of this is about to change Ė for better or worse.
Unless you have been living in a cave for the last couple of years, you know that we have just gone through a huge, gut-wrenching debate about providing health care to millions of Americans who donít have it Ė i.e. ďObamacare.Ē The whole debate was extremely partisan and divisive but itís now a done deal as the Supreme Court has upheld it, and President Obamaís re-election has ensured it will be implemented.
The only question that remains is how Obamacare will be implemented by the states. The choice is clear: either a state takes the federal money and works to implement the program or it fights against it, loses out on the money, and its citizens suffer.
Here is where the math comes in. If we as a state sign up for Obamacare, 513,000 uninsured will get coverage and the percentage of uninsured will drop from about 19 percent to about 5 percent. The way it currently operates is that Obamacare will pay 100 percent of the cost of covering these new people until 2016; after 2016, the states have to begin to kick in a little money. It will be 5 percent of the new cost from 2016 to 2019 and then after that the states will pay 10 percent.
To most of us, this seems like a no brainer Ė our people get covered and the feds pay most all the cost. The worst we can do is after 2019 and we will put up one dollar and Obamacare puts up nine dollars. I donít know many folks who would turn down a 9:1 deal, but Gov. Haley and many statehouse Republicans want to do just that. They say that we canít afford to put up our share.
To argue that South Carolina cannot afford the small additional funding required is just not so Ė and here are three ways we can get the money.
First, run the program efficiently. The reality is that if we as a state signed up for Obamacare and took the $3 billion in federal money and ran an efficient program, we could probably save the entire 5 to 10 percent match that we are required to put up. A recent dinner with two senior executives at Microsoft opened my eyes as to just how far we could go. They estimated that by simply installing existing state of the art technology, most state governments could save 15-20 percent of the budget. Thatís huge.
Two: Design a smart health care system Ö $3 billion is a lot of money and it can either be spent smart or dumb. Spending this money smart means making if do more and go further. In the late 1990ís my company was hired by the Ministry of Health in Australia to write the first Internet plan for their country and health care. It was very early days in the Internet Age and there was a lot more that we didnít know than we did but one thing was clear Ė there are huge financial savings to be had by creating the right incentives.
Three: Reform our corrupt tax system. Currently, our state allows $3 billion in sales tax exemptions every year and many if not most of these were enacted by a special-interest group hiring a lobbyist to get some sleazy deal through the legislature. The system is so bad that even the Republican appointed TRAC commission recommended that about $1 billion in deductions should be eliminated. But, when tax reform was up in the legislature last session, the lobbyists had their way and the whole thing fell apart in an orgy of special interest pleading.
So the bottom line is this Ė itís not about the math, itís about ideological partisan politics. After having spent so much time spewing so much vitriolic rhetoric at President Obama and his health care plan, Gov. Haley and her Republican colleagues simply wonít support Obamacare in our state Ė even if itís needed and can easily be paid for.
Phil Noble is a businessman in Charleston and is President of the SC New Democrats.